By Carlos Noriega (Lima)
On Sunday evening, January 22, the Ministry of State ordered the release of 192 protesters and students arrested on Saturday at the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. [à Lima]. One of them was detained because he accepted the indictment, according to authorities. Among those detained was an eight-year-old girl who was taken to the police station with her mother. At the time of going to press, the prisoners had not yet been released. They are kept in the police building, some in the counter-terrorism department, and others in the forensic department.
The National Coordination of Human Rights (CNDDHH) and the Institute of Legal Defense (IDL) filed a habeas corpus petition on Saturday demanding the release of 200 people detained during the operation, which the police declared illegal. Habeas corpus claimed that constitutional rights were violated and that the arrests were illegal. Prisoners treated as dangerous criminals during a police operation at the university [en Amérique latine, ces dernières jouissent d’un statut d’autonomie, la police habituellement ne peut y entrer]would be mistreated, threatened, racially abused, beaten and harassed.
Unlawful interference with the university
Images of tanks breaking down the doors of the country’s oldest and largest university, and hundreds of policemen storming the educational center to carry out mass arrests, have revived memories of dark authoritarian times. This Saturday’s police intervention at a university in San Marcos has not been seen since the dictatorship of Alberto Fujimori in the 1990s. Another step in the authoritarian advance of a government like Dina Boluarte, who has a far-right ally. supported by a repression that has already killed 46 people under the bullets of the army and the police.
Most of those arrested in San Marcos were demonstrators who had come from within the country to hold a protest in the capital demanding Boluarte’s resignation and stayed at the school. During the operation conducted by the police, students who were with the protesters in the interior regions of the country were also arrested. This police action was clearly intended to intimidate anti-government protesters from across the country who had gathered in Lima. [et dont une partie avait trouvé les locaux universitaires pour se loger momentanément], demobilize them, encourage them to return to their regions. However, protests against the government continue.
Protests and roadblocks
Demonstrations and roadblocks are held every day in different parts of the country. This Sunday, January 22, there was a clash between police and protesters in the Arequipa area, and a police station was attacked in the La Joya area. Mobilizations were repeated in Lima. They have been there every day since Thursday, when the so-called “Taking the Port” action began with mass anti-government mobilization punctuated by repression in the capital’s central streets. provinces. They were attacked during a police operation at the University of San Marcos. Anti-government demonstrations were repeated on various streets of Lima this Sunday. At the time of going to press, they were occurring without notable incident.
Early in the morning, a large group of San Marcos prisoners gathered in front of the police station and demanded their release. They stayed there for several hours. When they learned of the prosecutor’s decision to release them, festive protests took place and they hoped that this decision would be implemented.
“This police operation in San Marcos was illegal and arbitrary. It started without the participation of prosecutors, which opened up a scenario of violation of the fundamental rights of prisoners. They were thrown face down, handcuffed, insulted, insulted, hurt, some beaten, denied timely help of lawyers and portrayed as criminals on television. This is a very serious violation of the law, which we only saw during the Fujimori era. [1990-2000]Carlos Rivera, lawyer of the Legal Defense Institute (IDL), said this.
Carols Rivera stressed that the state of emergency used by the authorities to justify police intervention does not give the green light to such actions. “This is an irrational and disproportionate action that undermines even those who authorized the emergency.” The lawyer announced that legal complaints have been filed against Interior Minister Vicente Romero and the police chiefs responsible for this police operation and these arrests. “We will file appropriate criminal and constitutional complaints. “We cannot allow the humiliation of people’s dignity and freedom to pass by.”
On Tuesday, January 24, a “national march” was called with the slogan “Dina resign now”. The protest platform also calls for the resignation of the Congress president, far-right General Jose Williams, whose past is littered with accusations of human rights abuses. [selon les normes constitutionnelles] If Dina Boluarte resigns, replace her – this is not accepted by popular mobilization. Other demands driving the protests – which the brutal crackdown has failed to stop – are condemnation of those responsible for the deaths during the crackdown, early elections this year, a referendum for the Constituent Assembly and, to a lesser extent, the release of Pedro. Castillo. (Argentine daily article Page/12, January 23, 2023; translation essay against)