In the first days of his mandate, Lula “faced the Bolsonariization of the state apparatus”

Rising violence at the heart of Brazil’s democracy. On Sunday, the capital Brazil was the scene of large-scale chaos. Thousands of supporters of ex-president Jair Bolsonaro, dressed in the yellow and blue colors of Brazil, stormed the presidential palace, the Supreme Court and Congress in Three Forces Square, where the three institutions are located.

A week after the inauguration of embattled President Lula, protesters desecrated the three seats of power in a sad remake of the January 2021 attack on the Capitol by Trumpist activists. The icon of the Brazilian left predicted on Sunday that his predecessor, Jair Bolsonaro, had “concentrated” the “fascist vandals” to carry out the move. More than 200 people were arrested.

Maud Chirio, lecturer at the University of Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée and specialist in the history of the Brazilian military dictatorship, returns 20 minutes about these events and their consequences.

Where are we?

The day after this “unprecedented in Brazilian history” invasion, Lula met with the presidents of the Senate, the Chamber of Deputies and the Supreme Court at the Planalto Presidential Palace. The interview ended with a joint statement calling for “defense of democracy”.

The international community has massively condemned the attack on these symbols of Brazilian political life. The leaders of the United States, Canada and Mexico condemned the attacks in a joint statement on Monday and pledged their support for Lula.

China, Russia, Canada, the European Union… Pope Francis of Argentina also condemned the violence, while Emmanuel Macron tweeted that “the will of the Brazilian people and democratic institutions must be respected.”

“The condemnation of international leaders is the main thing. The challenge is global, it raises the question of the survival of Brazilian democracy. The more the international media covers and the leaders put pressure on their support, the easier it will be for Lula to control the situation,” said expert Maud Chirio.

How will Lula manage?

A week after his inauguration, the head of state, rejected by his predecessor Jair Bolsonaro, faces a major political crisis: how to govern?

“It is usually not easy to take such institutions by storm. Security issues arise. Lula is facing the Bolsonarianization of the state apparatus, which may prevent him from governing,” the researcher analyzes.

The confidence of some police officers in the demonstrators raises questions. “A very broadly defined armed force, equally divided and in conflict of loyalty to central authority legitimization. It also shows that the transition between a fascist government and a democratic government is not a simple alternative. The question arises in Brazil and in all democracies that have experienced the fascist experience,” says Maud Chirio.

Lula has already started sweeping. Brazil’s police chief, Bolsonian former justice minister Anderson Torres, has been removed from his post. Late on Sunday, Supreme Court Judge Alexandre de Moraes suspended Ibaneis Rocha, the governor of the Brazilian region that appointed Torres, for 90 days.

If Lula wins the presidential election, he will have to deal with Congress, where the former president’s support is strong and the federal states have largely won Bolsonaro.

What responsibility and what future for Jair Bolsonaro?

“Bolsonaro created a favorable climate (for the attack), he played a role in transmitting hatred for Lula and the institutions,” says Christophe Ventura, speaking from direct research at Iris. Parisian.

“During his tenure, Bolsonaro and his sons never stopped waiting for the call of defeat,” recalls Maud Chirio. For the researcher, the attack was not a coup but the implementation of a general strategy of disruption, while some of Bolsonaro’s supporters have demonstrated in front of military barracks since the October 30 defeat of the far-right president.

In a series of tweets and just six hours after the attacks, Bolsonaro condemned the “destruction and occupation of public buildings” and said he was not responsible, while Lula “rejected the accusations without evidence”. encouraged the violence of “fascists”.

The ex-president did not attend the inauguration ceremony of his successor on January 1 and preferred to go to Florida for at least a month in the land of Donald Trump, who called the Brazilian a “big boy” in September. re-election.

Like the American billionaire, he was chosen for his extreme ideas. Like Trump, losing his presidency makes him afraid of taking legal action. And as an American, he refused to condemn the attack on the Capitol. At the time, he pointed to a “lack of voter confidence” that “led to what happened,” as he recalled. The world. About two years before the Brazilian chaos.

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